Monday, April 13, 2009

ATM (Actun Tunichil Muknal) Cave

For this excursion, I was unsure what I was getting myself into. All I knew was that going through the cave the water level could be from ankle high to the point of swimming. It also was known to have tight squeezes and some little rock climbing. Yet, included a lot of history.

In order to get through the cave entrance we had a hour twenty minute drive, and a forty minute hike. Once at the cave entrance we geared up with our hard hat helmet and a head lamp. The first part of the cave entrance we had to swim through. The water was cold, but clear.

(Dr. Kubasko, John, Kristen, Allison, Will and myself the entrance of the ATM cave)

We began through the cave walking through a lot of water. It was really neat to see as we saw bats, fish, scorpion spiders (not very pretty), and other interesting looking insects. We get to the part of having to climb up some rocks to the fifth level of the cave. This is where the history began. The guide was telling about the pottery remains as well as the skeletal remains. He was explaining to group about how some of the Mayan people would put boards to their foreheads to try and make them more flat. The reason for this was people of status within the community. The people with more flat foreheads were the one that had a higher status. The majority of the bone remains were calcified over, but we were still able to make out some of the bones. The pottery within the cave was unbelivable. It was interesting to see the time the Manyans took to add detail to all of the pots, and the sizes of some of the pots were significally big.

The guide then led us to climb a ladder to the seventh level of the cave. There we saw the remains of a female body who died around the age of 40. Archaelogist do not feel that she was sacrificed at all, but rather died to a lack of iron. This is the last remain in the area of a Mayan that is considered to be in 'one-piece.' It was breathtaking to see this. This excursion was well worth it, even though at times I was a little apprehensive about it.

(This is a picture of the female remains on the 7th level of the ATM cave.)

San Ignacio Bound - Visit to Xunantunich

After staying at Cave's Branch for a night, we took the bus to San Ignacio. This is a small town located in the hills of Belize, close to the jungle. We stayed at Cahal Pech in San Ignacio for about 4 days.
The Mayan history is commonly studied on the mainland as there are many ruins that still exist. The common Mayan people were shorter who believed in sacrifices (either auto or not) as a way to give their bodies to the Gods. The Mayans were very interesting people to learn about. One of the more popular Mayan Ruin site is called Xunantunich. This is one of the highest ruin still standing. We went to the ruin and climbed to the top. Even though it was a long hike up to the ruin, the view was worth it. Once I climbed to the top, I was able to see the country border between Belize and Guatemala. The jungle was beautiful from the top, and it was neat to see the different villages from a distance.

(On my right side is Guatemala, on my left is Belize. This is standing at the top of Xunantunich)
We later came to learn Mayans often played games, similar to basketball. The captain for the winning team would be decapitated, and therefore their body would be given to the Gods. I also learned that a lot of ceremonial practices took place, for really anything they felt would better their position with the Gods.
I really enjoyed visiting this Mayan Ruin. It definitely is a must see when in San Ignacio.

Cave's Branch - Repelling 300 feet

The Easter Break has begun and the group was headed to the mainland to do some excursions. Our first stop was at a place called Cave's Branch. It was located right outside of Belmopan (the capital). Cave's Branch was like a camping resort. We were placed into cabanas with no electricity, therefore we used lanterns and had open air as our AC. I personally really enjoyed Cave's Branch. This is my type of thing, we even had outdoor showers and a hammock on the porch. I really enjoyed reading my book while laying in the hammock. I would recommend Cave's Branch to anyone who is travelling through Belize. It is awesome! Absolutely Beautiful!

(Cabana at Cave's Branch)
The next day, Kristen Trotter and I were set up to go repelling. I did not exactly know what I was getting myself into, but it sounded like a good time. At the beginning of the hike up to the black hole (you should google it, because my pictures do not do justice for the beauty... and the drop we did) the guides warned us about the botfly. For those who are unfamiliar of what it is, the botfly is (obviously) a fly that has its larva's carried through mosquitoes. If a mosquitoes lands on someone, it could plant a botlfy larva into your skin. The larva will then begin to eat a person's flesh and grow under the skin. This clearly did not sound appetizing to me, so I made sure to lather (literally lather) my body in bug repellent. Then we began our ascend into the jungle.
The hike to get to the Black Hole was pretty extreme as at times Kristen and myself were on our hands and knees climbing rocks. We finally get to the point to where we can see where we will be dropping but still had to hike to get there. Until I got to the top and strapped in, I did not realize how far down 300 feet was. Although I knew now there was no turning back. As I was repelling, I realized that I was in total control of how fast I wanted to go. The view going down was beautiful. I stopped a couple of times to try and take pictures descending into the Black Hole. FINALLY... I made it to the bottom! I am so happy I decided to take this tour. It was amazing!

Then in order to get ourselves out of the black hole we had to climb a ladder. Climbing a ladder was more scary then repelling into the Black Hole. Overall, it was a great experience!

(repelling into the Black Hole, about 50 feet left to bottom)

Monday, April 6, 2009

Week Before Easter Break

This past week (March 31st) I was placed into a different classroom. I was placed with the Infant I class, the students are all five years old. There were fifteen students in the class. The first day I observed my teacher, and would get involved throughout the day. The next three days, it was my turn to develop some lessons. Prior to moving to this class, I was very limited with constructivism activities. In fact I was asked to follow all lessons from a book. Not this week! The teacher gave me permission to teach lessons the way I would like, given the limited supplies provided. I was very excited about this, and ready for the students to be more involved throughout the lessons. I began each day with some songs. We would sing a 'good morning' song to each other every morning and then songs about the days of the week and months of the year. I had to play the songs from my laptop because we did not have a CD player in the classroom, but the students really seemed to enjoy the songs! I had them out of their seats doing hand gestures and movements, this was something completely new to them.

Throughout the week we used paint to paint different shapes on paper, scissors (which was new to them) to cut out shapes, markers to help draw a story, and they even were able view information about dinosaurs on my laptop. This was really exciting for all the students, and I was happy to see how successful the lessons were going. At first we had to go over how to use the paint, scissors and computers because they had new had experience with it. It was clear by the facial expressions, they were all very excited!

In the US we really stress reading and writing onto children. In fact some of the writing the students practice is imaginative or written from a prompt given by the teacher. I really like to give students a writing prompt and have them develop a story about it. So I decided to try this with the Infant I class. The prompt was 'When I grow up I want to be...' I began the lesson by brainstorming with the students some ideas about what people are when they grow up. The common answers I received were teacher, nurse, police officer, doctor and fisherman. I pretended I wanted to be a nurse. So I told them they needed to draw a picture first with lots of details of what they wanted to be. On the board, I drew a picture of an ambulance, nurse, and hospital. I made sure to show the students how I added a lot of detail (clothes, hair, eyes, stethoscope, red cross, etc). Then after the picture was completed, I began to write the sentences. I explained that the students needed to have a minimum of three sentences. The students helped me develop my sentences on the board. After the demonstration was completed, I gave each student a piece of paper and told them they could begin drawing their pictures. Once the pictures were completed they could begin to write their three sentences. The students had the most difficult time doing this. I quickly discovered the students do not ever write from prompts or imagination. Everything they write is given to them on the board. Once it is on the board they are expected to copy exactly word for word. I found this very interesting, because at home I did a lot of prompt writing with the students. After the lesson, I sat with the teacher and we discussed the students writing ability. She really liked the idea and I helped her build some lessons she could use in the future using prompts. I feel this is very important to incorporate in any classroom because it allows the students to think on their own. They are allowed to respond freely to the question as long as they answer the prompt.

Overall, it was a very successful week! I really enjoyed incorporating some hands-on activities with the students, and I think they enjoyed them as well!!